GLOBAL SEWER TECHNOLOGIES DEFLECTION TEST
Deflection testing is usually performed with a properly sized “go-no-go” mandrel or sewer ball. For the purpose of deflection measurements, the base inside pipe diameters without deflection is provided in the following table. The base inside diameter, or ID, is a pipe ID derived by subtracting a statistical tolerance package from the pipe’s average ID. The tolerance package is defined as the square root of the sum of the squared standard manufacturing tolerances (OD, wall thickness, and out of roundness). The following table provides the base ID and mandrel sizes for deflections of 5% and 7.5% and for SDR35/PS46 and SDR26/PS115 pipe. The maximum recommended installed deflection is 7.5% at not less than 30 days following installation. That deflection includes a safety factor of four before any reverse curvature develops.
It is important that the inside of the sewer line be cleaned thoroughly before deflection testing. Debris or sediment in the pipe can impede the passing of the mandrel and provide a false indication of excessive deflection.
PVC pipe is classified as a flexible conduit. It is because of this flexibility that PVC pipe can be installed at burial depths in excess of 50 feet. A flexible pipe will deflect when placed under a load. With Flexible conduit theory vertical deflection of the pipe allows that soil load be transferred and supported by the strength of the supporting soil on each side of the pipe. As a result, the ability of PVC pipe to withstand soil load without exceeding maximum deflection limits is directly related to the quality of the installation and compaction of the embedment material around the pipe. (See Uni-Bell PVC pipe association publication UNI-TR-1 “Deflection: The Pipe /Soil Mechanism” for more information.)
Deflection testing is not an issue when using proper construction practices and inspection during pipe installation and when using embedment material which has been properly selected, placed, and compacted. Locations with excessive deflection now can be repaired using our re-rounder without digging!